Copyright : the exclusive right to make copies, license, and otherwise exploit a literary, musical, or artistic work, whether printed, audio, video, etc.: works granted such right by law on or after January 1, 1978, are protected for the lifetime of the author or creator and for a period of 70 years after his or her death.

Basic copyright laws

The copyright act of 1976 gives copyright owners  exclusive rights to do and authorize others to

  • Replicate works in copies.
  • Imitate based upon the work copyrighted.
  • Distribution of the work by any types of ownership transfers: sales, rent, lease, or lending.
  • Display works publicly.

It is illegal to breach any of the rights provided by copyright law to the owner of the copyright.

Works Protected

Whether in a tangible form of expression, copyright protects original works of the author. Copyright-able works include but are not limited to:

  • Literary works.
  • dramatic works, including accompanying music .
  • musical works, including concomitant words.
  • sound recordings.
  • architectural works.
  • graphic/ sculptural works.
  • pictorial works.

Works Unprotected 

  • Works in a non-tangible form of expression.
  • Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans.
  • Concepts, ideas, procedures, discoveries, principles, or devices
  • Works that are informative of common property and no original authorship.

Filing Procedures 

Applying for copyright registration requires three crucial aspects: a completed applicant form, a filing fee (non refundable), and non returnable deposit (copy of the work).If applied online, you will receive an email corresponding with the registration to inform that the application has been received, if applied through paper; you will receive no acknowledgement on the status if the paper was received. Due to the amount of works presented to the copyright administration. Nevertheless, you will receive a phone call, mail, or email for the registration of the certification of the copyright proposed, or if the application cannot of been accepted; a letter corresponding on why.

Copyright Disclaimers 

The Copyright Disclaimer under Section 107 of the Copyright act of 1976 allows “fair use.” Fair use allows criticism, research, and news reporting.“Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.”  Although copyright notice is no longer required under U.S. law its extremely recommended and beneficial to be used. The most recognizable symbol for copyright is “©” often referred to as “the letter C in a circle it is often use to credit the one who has copyright protection.


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