EPS : (Encapsulated PostScript) Although considered a dying format its used for highest graphics and resolution in illustration (signs and banners). Ideal for resizing vector images without loss of quality. Created and edited in illustration programs such as Adobe illustrator and CoreIDRAW.
PDF : (Portable Document Format) used for formatting information from a plethora of desktop publishing applications. Making it feasible to send and receive the compressed document. Adobe acrobat is used to create these types of files, and to view them PDF viewer plug in and web browsers are used for more information on adobe acrobats click here.
TIFF : (Tagged Image File Format)Designed to work with raster or bit-mapped images that can be saved in a variety of colors. It holds the pictures clarity, so its often used by professional photographers.
JPG : (Joint Photographic Experts Group) The format is the most preferred for images because of its convenience. Whether when emailing the image or posting it on a website. Although sometimes there is quality loss and compression, its not the best for excellent and maximum capacity.
PNG : (Portable Network Graphics) While GIF files are restricted to their 256 color pallet, PNG files are not limited to the colors. On top of that PNG files have a better compression and can be saved on a transparent background making able to place on top of other objects without outlining white boxes.
ASCII : (American Standard Code)Essentially uses raw texts made by ASCII characters: program source code, scripts, macros are stored as ASCII files, for the table of ASCII click here.
MPEG : (Moving Pictures Expert Group) Produces higher quality video than other formats like quick time, or video for windows. MPEG’s compress data into small chunks, easily transportable and decompressed. MPEG’s achieve this by storing changes in frames, instead of storing frame by frame. Although some data is essentially removed its unnoticeable to the human eye.
MIDI : (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)MIDI allows digital musical tools and electric instruments to interact with each other. MIDI itself does not make a sound, however when trigger sounds are introduced MIDI instruments interpret the sound and make their own sounds, music. Entire songs can be stored with a few hundred MIDI messages.
AVI : (Audio Video Interleave) AVI files are used to store audio and video that allows synchronous visual and audio playback, and supports multiple streaming video and audio.
WAV : (Waveform Audio File Format) Typically used for audio bit streams on PC. WAV is the main format for window powered systems for typically uncompressed and raw forms of audio.